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    水利工程毕业设计中英文摘要范文

    资料分类:大阳城设计资料 - 论文摘要范文参考资料 | 发布形式:资料共享 | 更新时间:2017-09-10 显示全部楼层

      摘要
      本次毕业设计的主要内容是农田水利工程,目的是将项目区的山坡地改为梯田,增加耕地面积,改善灌溉、排水和交通条件,确保农业生产的可持续发展,提高土地利用率,发展饶村的农业经济。本工程占地面积为276亩,项目完成后新增有效耕地面积242亩,新增耕地率为87.7%,项目总投资为949754元,亩均3924.60元。项目区的土地开发规划内容包括:土地平整工程、灌溉与排水工程、田间道路工程、农田防护与生态环境保持工程和其他工程。
      确定规划任务后,首先阅读项目区的资料,了解项目区地形、地质、土地利用现状、区域的水文气象条件和灌溉水源,进一步分析项目区的土地、林业、水利、环保和社会经济效益之间的联系,最终在项目规划图上布置必要的单体工程。
      设计的第一步是对项目区进行水资源规划,确定项目区种植作物花生的灌溉定额,计算作物需水量和水量平衡。根据各个时期花生对水的需求,合理分配用水比例,实现效益最大化。根据管道和道路的布置,划分田块。再根据项目区山地的坡度选取梯田的长、宽和坎高,进而确定梯田级数。土地平整时先进行表土收集,再修筑田埂。根据道路工程、排水工程和生态环境工程的标准,对项目区的道路、涵管、蓄水池和梯田边坡草皮进行适当的规划,达到合理设置区域规划的目标。进过合理的规划布局,根据现有资料进行水利工程必要的计算,绘制单体图,计算的内容包括:作物的轮灌制度、灌溉管道、水泵、排水沟道和跌水,再根据计算得出的结果统一选取的规格。
      根据施工的方法和标准进行规范的施工,制定施工顺序为:土地平整工程-道路工程-灌溉排水工程-生态环境工程。根据当地的建筑工程造价信息计算出本项目的工程概预算,进而完成本次规划设计的全部内容。
      关键词:土地平整    灌溉    排水    施工    预算

      Abstract
      This plan design's primary coverage is land leveling of the Rao village dong cheng zhen Xinxing County the Yunfu, the goal is develops the project area use the land, increases the cultivated area, the improvement irrigation, draining water and the traffic conditions, guaranteed that the agricultural production the sustainable development, raises the land-use capability. This project's scale is 276 Chinese acres.After the project completed, it increases the effective cultivated area 242 Chinese acres, then the cultivated land rate is 87.7%. The project total investment is 949754 Yuan, Chinese acre even 3924.60 Yuan. Project area land development plan content includes:Land leveling project, irrigation and water conservation project, road engineering and ecological environment project.
      After determination plan duty, must first read the material which provides, understood that project area terrain, geological, the land utilization present situation, the region hydrometeorology condition and the irrigation water source, further analyze project area the land, the forestry, the water conservation, the environmental protection and between the social economy benefit relation, arranges the essential monomer project finally in the project planning drawing.
      The design first step is carries on the water resources plan to project area, definite project area planter crops peanut's irrigation norm, computation crops water demand and water budget. According to each time peanut adding water demand, the rational distribution water used proportion, realizes the benefit maximization. According to the pipeline and path's arrangement, delimits divides up land the block. Selects the terraced field according to project area mountainous region's slope the length, the affable ridge to be high again, then definite terraced field progression. When land leveling carries on the surface soil collection first, then constructs the boundary ridge between fields. According to the road engineering, the dewatering excavation and the ecological environment project's standard, to project area path, the culvert pipe, the reservoir and the terraced field side slope sod carries on the suitable plan, achieves the reasonable establishment regional planning the goal. Has entered the reasonable plan layout, carries on the hydraulic engineering essential computation according to the existence information, the plan monomer chart, the computation content includes: Crops' wheel fills the system, the irrigation pipeline, the water pump, the draining water trench and falls the water, again result unification selection specification which obtains according to the computation.
      Carry on the standard according to the construction method and the standard the construction, the formulation construction order are: land leveling project - Road engineering - irrigation and water conservation project - ecological environment project. Calculates this project according to the Yunfu locality's architectural engineering construction cost information the project to budget generally, then cost plan design complete content.
      Keywords: Land leveling    Irrigation and Drainage    Construction organization    Production way budget

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