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    办公楼建筑结构设计摘要范文

    资料分类:大阳城集团娱乐APP网址 - 论文摘要 | 发布形式:资料共享 | 更新时间:2022-06-01 显示全部楼层

      摘要
      本设计为政府办公楼。占地面积723m2,建筑面积4374m2。主要进行建筑方案设计、结构设计及施工组织设计。采用框架结构,主体为六层,上人屋面顶棚一层。本地区抗震设防烈度为7度,场地类别为II类场地,基本风压0.40KN/M。楼?屋盖均采用现浇钢筋混凝土结构。
      建筑方案设计主要根据任务书要求,结合建筑物使用功能,防火疏散要求及建筑人性化进行建筑方案设计。一、进行功能分区;二、进行空间组合;三、绘制建筑施工图。
      结构设计简而言之就是用结构语言来表达所要表达的东西。结构语言就是从建筑及其它专业图纸中所提炼简化出来的结构元素,包括基础、墙、柱、梁、板、楼梯、大样细部图等等。然后用这些结构元素来构成建筑物或构筑物的结构体系,包括竖向和水平的承重及抗力体系,再把各种情况产生的荷载以最简洁的方式传递至基础。在结构设计中,作者根据经验公式先进行梁、板、柱的截面尺寸估算,再查相关规范确定恒荷载、活荷载、风荷载、地震作用。通过二次弯矩分配法、D值法、底部剪力法进行相关荷载的计算,确定最不利组合,确定现浇板、框架梁、柱可能出现的最大内力,从而进行截面验算和配筋计算。
      施工组织设计就是根据项目建设的特点,结合具体的自然环境条件、技术经济条件和现场施工条件,研究施工项目的组织方式、施工方案、进度计划、资源配置、施工平面设计等施工规划设计方案,从而能高效低耗地完成建设项目的施工任务,以保证施工项目的质量、工期、造价目标的实现。
      关键词建筑方案设计,结构设计,施工组织设计

      ABSTRACT
      The design of the integrated is framework of the five-storey building,whose lower two floors are shopping cente rand upper three floors are office space.The size is 264 m2.The floor area is 1364.18m2.The design contains mainly the construction program design,structural design and construction design.
      Architectural design program based mainly on tasks,combining the use of functional buildings,fire evacuation requirements and building construction for humanity program design.1,the functional area;2,the space portfolio;3,drawing construction plans.
      In short,structural design uses structural anguage to express things.Structure of language is from construction and other professional drawings and are refined to simplify the structure of elements,including the foundation,walls and columns,beam,slab,the staircase,the map-like detail and so on.Then these structural elements are used to form the structural system of a building or structure,including load-bearing system of vertical and level of resistance,then all of the load in the most concise way transfer to basis.In structural design,the authors first formula for beam,slab,column,the section size estimates by experience,further invest to determine relevant norms which constant loads,live loads,wind loads,earthquake.By the second moment distribution method,D-value method and the base shear,the desgin calculated the associated load,and determined the most disadvantaged,and the largest internal forces of the frame beams and columns,then checked and crossed sections for reinforcement calculation.
      On the basis of the features of building desgin,combining the specific conditions of the natural environment.technical and economic conditions of the construction site,construction design researched programs construction planning and design organization,which contian program,program,the allocation of resources,construction graphic design,in order to complete construction of a construction project tasks in the way of high efficient and low consumption and ensure the quality,time,cost objectives of the project.
      Key words Architectural Design,Structural Design,Construction Organization Design
      以上就是大阳城网为大家精心整理的办公楼建筑结构设计摘要范文。供大家学习。

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